History of Nations - Africa
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The name Africa, which is of Phoenician origin, was at first given by the Romans to the territory about the city of Carthage. It gradually came to be applied to the whole Libyan territory occupied by the Romans, and it was understood in this sense, as late as the eleventh century, by Pope St. Leo IX, who, when asked to decide as to the primacy of the bishops of ancient Numidia, wrote these words, now engraved in letters of gold on the modern basilica of Carthage, built by Cardinal Lavigerie: "Sine dubio, post Romanum pontificem, primus Nubiae episcopus et totius Africae maximus metropolitanus est Carthaginiensis episcopus" (There can be no doubt that after the Roman Pontiff the first Bishop of Nubia, and indeed the principal Metropolitan of Africa is the Bishop of Carthage). In their turn the Arabs adopted the name; then the writers of the Middle Ages; finally it has come to include the entire continent. 

The national histories of the following African nations are available:

--  Algeria (05/04)
-- 
Angola (03/04)
-- 
Benin (12/03)
-- 
Botswana (04/04)
-- 
Burkina Faso (06/04)
-- 
Burundi (11/03)
-- 
Cameroon (11/03)
-- 
Canary Islands (05/05)
-- 
Cape Verde (03/04)
-- 
Central African Republic (04/04)
-- 
Chad (11/03)
-- 
Comoros (11/03)
-- 
Congo, Democratic Republic of (10/03)
-- 
Congo, Republic of (11/03)
-- 
Cote d'Ivoire (06/04)
-- 
Djibouti (11/03)
-- 
Egypt (11/03)
-- 
Equatorial Guinea (11/03)
-- 
Eritrea (03/04)
-- 
Ethiopia (04/04)
-- 
Gabon (11/03)
-- 
Gambia, The (11/03)
-- 
Ghana (03/04)
-- 
Guinea (04/04)
-- 
Guinea-Bissau (04/04)
-- 
Kenya (10/03)
-- 
Lesotho ((11/03)
-- 
Liberia (06/04)
-- 
Libya (11/03)
-- 
Madagascar (11/03)
-- 
Malawi (10/03)
-- 
Maldives (05/04)
-- 
Mali (05/04)
-- 
Mauritania (6/04)
-- 
Mauritius (12/03)
-- 
Morocco (11/03)
-- 
Mozambique (02/04)
-- 
Namibia (03/04)
-- 
Niger (03/04)
-- 
Nigeria (04/04)
-- 
Reunion (04/05)
-- 
Rwanda (10/03)
-- 
Saint Helena (02/05)
-- 
Sao Tome and Principe (05/04)
-- 
Senegal (05/04)
-- 
Seychelles (03/04)
-- 
Sierra Leone (11/03)
-- 
Somalia (10/03)
-- 
South Africa (06/03)
-- 
Sudan (03/04)
-- 
Swaziland (10/03)
-- 
Tanzania (11/03)
-- 
Togo (11/03)
-- 
Tunisia (09/04)
-- 
Uganda (12/03)
-- 
Western Sahara (05/05)
-- 
Zambia (04/04)
-- 
Zimbabwe (11/03)

The date indicated is the date of the last update.


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 

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